also called LATINO SINE FLEXIONE,
simplified form of Latin intended for use as an international second
language. Interlingua was originally developed in 1903 by the Italian
mathematician Giuseppe Peano, but lack of clarity as to what parts of Latin
were to be retained and what were to be discarded led to numerous "dialects"
of Interlingua, confusion, and its dying out among enthusiasts. In the late
1940s and early 1950s, the linguist Alexander Gode, with the sponsorship of
the International Auxiliary Language Association, reformulated and revived
Interlingua and promoted its use in the international scientific community.
As reformulated, Interlingua's grammar is not much more complex than that of
Esperanto; it has only one form for nouns (taken from the Latin ablative
case), no gender, no case, plurals in -s, one form for adjectives with no
noun-adjective agreement, one definite article, and verbs with no inflection
for person or number. Abstracts and summaries are published in Interlingua
by several international scientific journals, but in general the language
has not been widely adopted. (Encyclopædia Britannica,
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